Monday, September 12, 2011

Learn Arabic before go for Umrah or Hajj (Makkah or Madina [Saudi Arabia])

Arabic is one of the most spoken languages in the world with over 200 million speakers. It is spoken in 24 countries and is the official language of all the countries of northern Africa, the Arabian peninsula, and in much of the Middle East, including Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As the religious language of Islam, it is also the second language of millions of Muslims around the world. It is one of the six official languages of the United Nations.

The Arabic language can be divided into three main categories:

Quranic (Classical Arabic):
This is the Arabic of Islam's holy book, the Quran (or Koran). It is archaic, which means that it is very old, dating from the late 600's when the Quran was written down. It is used in the Quran and in the holy books of Islam. No one speaks Classical Arabic as a native, nor is it used for conversation. It is learned primarily for reciting and reading the Quran.

Formal or Modern Standard Arabic:
This is an updated version of Classical Arabic which is taught in the schools of Arab countries. It is the language of the news, modern literature and education. No one speaks it as a native language but it is used as a common language for people who speak very different varieties of Arabic or by second-language speakers.

Spoken or Colloquial Arabic:
There are many local varieties of Arabic, many languages in their own right. The most widely spoken and understood of these is Egyptian Arabic. Other distinct varieties are Iraqi, Levantine (Lebanese/Syrian/Jordanian/Palestinian) and Moroccan Arabic.

Some common Arabic phrases are presented here for your information


A: as in 'had'

E: as in 'bet'

I: as in 'hit'

O: as in 'hot'

U: as in 'put'


I: ana

You (sg): inta/inti (m/f)

He: huwa

She: hiya

We: nahnu

You (pl): untum/inti (m/f)

They: uhum


Hello: as-salam alaykum

Hello (response): wa alaykum e-salam

Goodbye (person leaving): ma'a salama

Goodbye (person staying): alla ysalmak

Good morning: sabaH ala-kheir

Good afternoon: masa' al-kheir

Good night: tisbaH ala-kheir

Welcome: ahlan wa sahlan OR marHaba


Yes: aiwa/na'am

No: la

Maybe: mumkin

Please: min fadhlik

Thank you: shukran

You're welcome: afwan

Excuse me: lo tismaH

OK: tayib

No problem: mafi mushkila

Small talk

How are you?: kef Halak?

Fine thanks: zein al-Hamdulillah

What's your name?: shismak?

My name is?: ismi ?

I understand: ana fahim

I don't understand: la afham

I speak?: ana atakallam ?

Do you speak?: titkallam ??

English: inglizi

French: fransawi

German: almani

I don't speak Arabic: ma-atakallam arabi

Getting Around

Where is (the)??: wein (al-) ??

Airport: al-matar

Bus stop: mokaf al-bas

Bus station: maHattat al-bas

Taxi stand: maHattat tax

Bus: bas

Car: sayyara

Horse: Hsan

Camel: jamal

Taxi: tax


Address: onwan

Street: shari'

Number: raqam

City: madina

 Here: hni

There: hnak

Next to: yam

Opposite: gbal/mgabel

Behind: wara

To: min


Entry: dukhol

Exit: khuruj

Toilets (men): Hammam lirrijal

Toilets (women): Hammam linnisa'a

Hospital: mustashfa

Police: shurta


Monday: yom al-idhnayn

Tuesday: yom al-dhaladh

Wednesday: yom al-arba'

Thursday: yom al-khamis

Friday: yom al-jama'a

Saturday: yom as-sabt

Sunday: yom al-Had


Zero: sifr

One: waHid

Two: idhnin

Three: dhladha

Four: arba'a

Five: khamsa

Six: sitta

Seven: sab'a

Eight: dhimania

Nine: tis'a

Ten: ashra

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1 comment:

  1. I'm thinking about travelling in the Middle East in November, which I now realize may overlap with the hajj period. When exactly is the holiday this year, and does everything shut, like during Eid al-Fit
    Cheap Umrah package